Agriculture has always been the mainstay of the Indian economy, although its share has been declining in recent years. This sector employs more than two-thirds of the labour force and has vital supply and demand links with the industrial sector.
Farming, one of the oldest professions known to man, has somehow been relegated to the position of non-interest for the educated middle classes. It is widely believed that farming requires no formal training, and is therefore only suitable for the uneducated and illiterate.
With the increasing demand , better profitability and potential global market for processed foods, fruits and flowers, there should continue to be a demand for qualified people in this all-important sector.
Beauty and Hair Care
With larger numbers of women entering the work place, the need to appear well groomed and attractive has assumed greater importance, not just for women, but also for men. Moreover, the complexities of modern living leave little time for personal grooming, causing more people to turn increasingly to professionals for treatments that enhance and maintain their looks. This has resulted in a burgeoning of beauty products and beauty treatments, turning beauty care or cosmetology into a 100 crore industry.
Those who have completed a course in beauty and hair care can work in a salon or beauty parlour. With the fast growth of the cosmetics business and the entry of international brands using interested and trained housewives to explain and market their wares, there is much scope in the sales and marketing of beauty and skin care products too. Working at a health club or fitness centre is also a growing career option as the number of these institutes double every year. Make-up artists are also much in demand with the growth of television.
Call centres are comparatively a recent introduction to the world of career options in India. The career avenues provided by call centres is one of the best suited and growing option which even a fresher can opt for. With the opening up of the Indian economy and the advent of globalisation more and more companies from abroad are basing or outsourcing their call centre services to India, a trend started by GE when it established a call centre near New Delhi in 1998.
Traditionally, call centres meant only voice-based customer support. But now most call centres are more of a contact centre, offering e-CRM services, that include voice based customer support as well as e-mail response, web-based text-chat services and other customer interaction channels. The call centre services can be 'inbound' where in calls are received from customers enquiring about a service or product that an organisation provides. The call centre services can be 'outbound' where in calls are made to customers to sell products or collect information/money etc. Call centre services can also 'specialised' say in business processing where in calls are made from one company to another company.
There is a great scope for Call centres in India. The large population of educated English speaking people and the comparative low cost are encouraging more and more companies from abroad /inland to base or outsource their call centres to India.
The most important person on an aircraft is the pilot. Pilots are highly trained professionals who fly airplanes and helicopters carrying passengers or cargo.
The job of commercial pilot is the most glamorous and exciting job in aviation. It is highly rated and one of the most adventurous career which requires intensive training. This profession also demands a lot of time, dedication, patience and sacrifice. A career in aviation attracts many youngsters as it provide opportunity to travel around the globe. This is a lucrative field. But apart from all those attractive things the job of a commercial pilot makes him responsible for the aircraft he flies and the lives of his passengers.
If the advertisement is to be believed and it really takes one glass of milk to produce one slice of cheese, one can only imagine how many glasses of milk are needed, not only to provide the thousands of slices of cheese that are being readily gobbled up by India's yuppy children, but also for regular consumption and all the other milk derived goodies. The demand for milk is tremendous, and is growing not only in cities but also in small towns and rural areas.
Dairying plays a dynamic role in India's agro-based economy. Our country's Dairy Industry is one of the fastest expanding in the world. Ten years ago only 5% of the milk produced came into the dairies. Today it is 10%, and this figure will keep increasing.
There are over 200 dairies spread across the country providing us around 60 million tonnes of milk. But this only constitutes the organised sector, which includes the dairy co-operatives, Government run milk producing units and the private sector dairies, and not the vast unorganised sector, where the milk is delivered directly at the door, and does not go through a dairying process.
While dairy farming can be a challenging career offering enormous prospects for trained professionals, those getting into this field must be prepared to live in remote areas, or far away from the comforts and conveniences of the city, which could place pressures on those unprepared for this sort of lifestyle. It also means long hours of very hard work.
In India, dance is an age-old tradition. This vast sub-continent has given birth to varied forms of dancing, each shaped by the influences of a particular period and environment. Indian dance is an extremely intricate art requiring skill, hard work and discipline. All Indian dances portray some expression of life and almost every dance posture has a specific meaning. Dance themes are derived from mythology, folklore, legends and classical literature.
The two main divisions of dance are classical and folk forms. There are dance forms typical to certain parts of the country and these dance forms are based on ancient dance discipline.
Training in Dance should start as early as age six or less, much before the official professional training. Besides an in born talent, the basic requirement for a full time Professional training is matriculation or 10 + 2. Some institutes at the time of admission even give preference to students having a talent. Careers in this field can be that of a performer, teacher and choreographer.
Career options available in this areas are that of a performer, teacher and choreographer. Performing artists can form their own troupes or even work with other troupes. They also have the option of starting schools and devote time for teaching.
Forensic science is primarily concerned with the application of scientific principles for the investigation of crime. Using the very latest in technology, forensic scientists convert the clues collected from a crime scene into evidence admissible in a court of law. It is the use or application of science in courts or legal proceedings. This is a challenging and interesting field for those who have are inquisitive and loves adventure.
Forensic Science is essentially a crime laboratory-based profession, the course qualifies students to apply their knowledge of science to the investigation of crime.
Forensic science is not a discipline or branch of science, but is a catch-all for many distinct disciplines. It is broadly grouped into three: Medical, laboratory and field science.
They can find employment with law enforcement agencies, police, legal system and in the investigative services of the government and also private agencies. They can also work as teachers in institutes that conduct courses in this subject.
The Food Processing Industry
Practically every day we read about, or see an advertisement for a new kind of food item - variations of snacks and crispies, fancy soups and sauces, and any number of ready-to-cook dishes, from pastas and noodles to mattar paneer and chicken korma. This is the era of the convenience food , as with convenience everything. The fast paced life in a changing socio-environment, with less time for food preparation and larger disposable incomes, has created a growing demand for packaged and processed foods.
There is also an increasing number of women going out to work, yet not wishing to short-change their households on wholesome meals. Along with that is a greater awareness of the need for quality and safety in food and for nutrition All these factors pose an enormous challenge to the food processing industry to come up with appropriate food products to suit these varying needs.
The work involved in the food industry spans the gamut of its sectors, from grain milling and fruit and vegetable processing, fisheries and dairy products to soft drink concentrates, instant mixes, and oil extracts. It concerns the practical application of the principles of several disciplines of science for the manufacture or production, the preservation, processing and handling, and the canning and packaging of food materials.
The food processing industry is a nascent field, and those with training can find jobs in various areas.
Horticulture And Floriculture
Horticulture is an aspect of agriculture that includes the cultivation of fruits and vegetables. It also covers floriculture, or the cultivation of flowers, and other agricultural practices.
With the liberalisation of the Indian economy the demand for agri-products has greatly increased.
In the area of floriculture too, while the annual demand for flowers in the domestic market continues to grow at a rate of 20% a year, the demand in the international market is currently Rs 75,000 crores and supply is only 60% of this figure. The export potential for these products is very good and therefore the prospects for horticulture specialists are extremely bright.
Designing is the blend of artistic talents and creativity. Design encompasses a number of different fields. It can be mainly divided into four ie, Fashion designing, Product designing, Graphic designing and Interior designing. Fashion designing deals with clothing and textiles, product designing with designing the products and graphic designing deals with designing for websites, movies, logos, signage, etc. Interior designing is the arrangement of living space i.e organizing, managing and planning of the interiors of rooms at homes, offices, retail shops, showrooms, hotels, airports, exhibition halls, conference centers, theatres, TV and film studios and commercial establishments etc. The objective of designing space is to achieve functionality and to create the right kind of atmosphere for the right budget. Interior designing as a specialisation became popular only in the last few years.
Earlier architects would do all the design work, both exteriors and interiors themselves. Of late people have become more conscious of the design, layout and placement of their interiors, for offices, factories as well as residences.
Interior Designer should be aware of the change in trends and keep up with the latest styles. Interior designing as a course has become popular in the last few years, there are only a few institutions offering reputed programmes in interior designing in India.
Interior design is one of the fastest growing professional fields. There are lots of employment opportunities for interior designers in various fields. Interior Designers can find employment with architects or architectural firms, builders, public works department, hotel and resort chains, hospitals, town planning bureau, regional and metropolitan development works, private consultancies, studios and theaters and exhibition organizers. etc. They can also set up their own business. Once they make a name, it is a very lucrative profession.
Libraries are repositories of knowledge, information and entertainment. The basic aim of library is to disseminate knowledge. With the upsurge in the number of institutes in the field of learning and the intensification of research activities, the importance of libraries is also growing. This has made the librarianship attain the status of a separate discipline in the universe of knowledge. Librarianship is the profession which concerns with organising, maintenance and storage of books in a library. Librarians are the custodians of library. Librarians assist people in finding information and using it effectively in their personal and professional lives.
There are different kinds of libraries depending upon the individuals to which it is catering. Various kinds of libraries are public, reference, children’s libraries and those attached to offices and institutions of both private and public. These could include a mobile lending library. There are also specialist libraries attached to the research and academic institutions that cater to specific readers in specific subjects such as medicine, engineering, art, music, or types of books such as Braille or collections for children.
Librarians are information managers. Librarians assist people in finding information and using it effectively. A librarian's work would involve acquiring, organising and dissemination of information. Besides these, the planning and coordination of the library's financial operations are also important and essential tasks to be performed. Specific duties depends on the type of library and position held.
The past few years have seen an upsurge of interest in modelling as a serious career option. Sushmita Sen, Aishwarya Rai, Madhu Sapre, Milind Soman, are today such household names that we read avidly, not only about their modelling exploits, but also about their personal lives. The exposure is so enormous that popularity ratings achieved by some models equal that of a movie star. In the last ten years modelling has ensured such instant celebrity status to all those that walk the ramp that many young aspirants see it as a serious career option.
Until recently, modelling was considered a part-time occupation or a possible preparatory route for budding film-stars. But the new consumerism and greater aggressiveness to advertising and marketing strategy along with the boom in the fashion and clothing industry, has generated a large and continuing demand for fresh faces and personalities to launch and promote a variety of branded products or show a garment to its best advantage.
Modelling is much more hard work than all the glamorous gloss given to it by the media attention models receive. A model by association enhances the worth of the product, and the identification of a model with a product can sometimes influence brand choice to a greater extent than the qualities of the product. Models must therefore give their best to the job. This may require them to be up at dawn and often work till midnight on a shoot or ramp practice. During this time they must always appear fresh, bright and well groomed, no matter how uncomfortable or bored they might be.
Medical Transcription is one of the fastest growing fields in health care. Medical Transcriptionists are in demand in Western countries especially in the US where the entire healthcare industry is based on insurance and detailed medical records are needed for processing insurance claims. Medical transcription could be one of the speedy growing IT enabled service in India also, with the rapid change in the outlook in Indian healthcare and privatization of the insurance sector. India provides an ideal location for conducting medical transcription with the large population of educated English speaking people and the comparative low cost which encourages companies abroad to outsource their work to the Indian Medical Transcription field.
Medical transcription is an interesting and challenging career. It is the process whereby one accurately and swiftly transcribes medical records dictated by doctors and others, including history and physical reports, clinic notes, office notes, operative reports, consultation notes, discharge summaries, letters, psychiatric evaluations, laboratory reports, x-ray reports and pathology reports. M.T. or Medical Transcriptionist is a person who assists physicians and specialty surgeons usually by transcribing, formatting, and proof reading their dictated medically oriented report of a patient's health history.
In India, lot of companies in the metros and major cities have ventured into the field. Since the job requires experience, these companies are expected to recruit a lot of people as trainees and then develop their skills so that they become experts in this field.
All across the world, nursing is seen as one of the noblest professions. In a hospital, from the general ward to the operation theatre, nursing is the most important component of patient care.
Contrary to popular belief, nursing is not a second choice career for those unable to gain entry in a medical college. The two professions, though complementary, require separate skills and temperaments. Where the doctor's contact with the patients is fleeting, nurses are expected to establish and maintain a relationship with them.
Their work covers a range of functions and responsibilities that vary with the levels of qualification and the working environment.
Nurses everywhere are involved in the crucial tasks of dispensing medication, keeping records of the patients' progress, setting up and operating medical equipment, administration and several other routine chores.
Oceanography, the science of oceans is the scientific study of all aspects of the ocean, their boundaries and their continents. To be more specific, oceanography is the study of the seas, its coastline, estuaries, coastal waters, shelves and the ocean bed. As such it is an interdisciplinary science that integrates principles of Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Meteorology and Physics. Oceanography is an exciting field offering you the advantage of being involved with a variety of scientific disciplines and an opportunity for lifelong learning.
Oceanography is today of great significance to developing countries. A career in this area is really a challenging one and it provides opportunity to those with intrinsic curiosity and a desire to venture into the vast realm of the unknown, which exists within our oceans. The work involves collecting samples, conducting surveys, analyzing data using sophisticated equipment in the sea for long hours
Oceanographers apply the basic sciences to study the world’s oceans and coastal waters. They study the motion and circulation of the ocean waters and their physical and chemical properties, and how these properties affect coastal areas, climate, and weather.
A couple of years ago, the suggestion of photography as a profession, would not have been taken seriously. Photography has mostly been considered a hobby , and at best, a part-time, extra pocket-money earning activity. But today, photographers are so much in the news, in demand and respected financially, that those who have the talent and interest in photography can now seriously consider this a viable career option.
Photography is both a science and an art. It is an artistic means of expression, the camera replacing the pen or the paint brush. A photographer must be able to create a good composition of any subject , a piece of machinery, a scenery or a child's smile. It is rightly said that a single picture can sometimes say more than a thousand words.
It is possible to become a photographer without a college education. Photography basically requires a keen, observant eye, and an intelligent, curious and perceptive mind .
A three-year diploma in motion picture photography is offered by the Film and Television Institute, Pune, while the Mass Communication Research Centre (MCRC), Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi offers a 2-year post-graduate diploma in motion picture photography to graduates in any discipline.
Teaching is a highly noble profession, most suited one especially for women. Teachers are always a boon to society. Through their intelligence, patience and wisdom, they attempt to not only hone the learner's intellect and aptitude but also, create a well-rounded personality. Teaching has an influence in developing ones mind and character and also gives the satisfaction of having sparked the light of knowledge and dispelled the clouds of ignorance.
As this field is so vast having areas of specialisations, different skills and type of training are required for different levels. Areas of specialisation include teaching at nursery schools, middle schools, high schools, colleges, universities, institutes, special schools etc. Each level calls for a different expertise. If you love to be with children, teaching at schools would be a good option, but if you want to be with young adults, it is better to look at the college or university level. Good teachers can bring out the best in every student. They are the ones who make a difference in the lives of their students. Rousing students from their apathy and watching their curiosity grow is one of the biggest rewards of teaching.
They can find employment in Play schools, Nursery schools, Primary/elementary schools, Secondary schools, Colleges etc.
Travel and Tourism
Travel and Tourism is probably the world's largest industry.
The main reasons for travel today are leisure, business and government work - the first two providing the majority of the industry's clientele. The travel and tourism industry is the largest foreign exchange earner among all our industries and currently provides direct employment to over fifty lakh people, and indirectly covers possibly all areas of economic activity. Moreover, the number is likely to increase with massive plans for future expansion, creating a demand for skilled, trained personnel in various spheres of the industry.
Work in the travel and tourism industry is essentially concerned with providing services for people who are travelling away from home, either on business or on a holiday.
There are mainly four areas of work in any travel agency. These include - Marketing, which includes advertising and promoting agency services to existing and potential clients to procure business for the company ; Ticketing, which involves helping clients plan itineraries, working out travel routes, providing information on destinations, selling transportation tickets, arranging visas, making stay reservations, etc. ; Tour Operators of a travel agency deal specifically in travel and destination management. They put together and sell package holidays, which include offering special interest packages that range from archaeology to golf, wildlife, and even astrology. And Tourist Guides who accompany tourists to their destinations, taking care of their various needs there and organise various activities in these locations.