Of all the communications media today, radio and television are together the most powerful. In a fraction of a second their transmissions can reach people over a wide geographical area. Using sound and visuals, they overcome the limitations of illiteracy in the dissemination of ideas, and can act as catalysts of national development and social change.
However, television in India is still a developing industry. New video software companies are zooming on to the screen, some are fading away. New channels are coming in, experimenting with every bait to hook viewers, some are falling by the wayside. The competition is intense. But it is for these very reasons, and because television needs a minimum of 20-25 programmes per week, per channel, that the scope is immense.
A dearth of training institutes in the country has resulted in the lack of qualified staff. Most organisations therefore do not demand any particular qualification except for the technical jobs, - and so a fresher out of college is welcome, provided he / she has the right attitude, and a high degree of motivation. However, those with a diploma / degree in Film or television have an advantage .
The eligibility criteria varies with the course and institution selected. In general, undergraduate courses require a minimum pass in the 10+2 examination ; whereas, a bachelor's degree in the appropriate discipline is necessary for admittance to postgraduate courses.
Some prominent institutions in the country are listed as follows:
Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune.
Film and Television Institute of Tamil Nadu, Chennai.
Mass Communication Research Centre (MCRC), Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.
Xavier's Institute of Communication, Mumbai.
Indian Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi.
* In the government owned, 'Doordarshan' network.
* In private television networks,
* In independent production companies,
* With satellite companies
* With film directors and producers,
* As free-lance journalists