Good journalism informs, analyses and shapes opinion. Due to the enormous influence it exerts on the lives of people, journalism is also referred to as the 'Fourth Estate'. The growing awareness that knowledge is power has also given an impetus to the regional and vernacular press to expand and strengthen its scope in the past few years.
Today, a large number of accredited journalists, together with countless stringers, critics, commentators, and others seek out, report on and publicise occurrences of consequence happening in the world around us. Their stories are carried out by numerous newspapers, magazines and periodicals, besides radio and television networks. Some of these cover a general mix of political, financial, social, environmental and sports news. Others focus on the specific needs of professional or special interest groups.
There are a number of separate areas in which journalists work. These include : Newspapers, including dailies, weeklies and tabloids which carry various types of news, comments and analyses of current events. News Agencies and Bureaux which are centralised organisations where news from different places is received and then syndicated to other sections of the press. Periodicals which are publications printed at certain set intervals and contain more in-depth coverage of news and information. Most periodicals either feature news and current affairs or are focused at special interest groups such as professionals , women and children, art, computers, sports, theatre and film and so on.
Electronic media which includes the collection and compilation of information and visual material for broadcast on radio and television.
Entry into journalism is through training in journalism, which could be a diploma or degree course in Journalism or Mass Communication, or through direct appointment as a trainee reporter.
The eligibility for a course in journalism varies from institution to institution. Generally, journalism is offered as a postgraduate level course, for which the basic eligibility is a Bachelor's degree in any discipline. Journalism is also offered as an undergraduate degree course by some universities, or as part of a wider programme in mass communication studies for which candidates should have cleared the 10+2 level examination.
Course Details :
Some of the important institutions offering courses in journalism include : Times School of Journalism, Times of India, New Delhi. Indian Institute of Mass Communications (I.I.M.C.), JNU campus, New Delhi. Symbiosis Society's Institute of Journalism and Communications, Pune.
Job Prospects :
* Magazines and Periodicals
* News agencies / bureaux
* Regional press bureaux of international papers / agencies / networks
* Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
* Press sections of public and private sector companies
* As free-lance journalists