The best part about the government services is that on completion of training, probationers become full-fledged officers of the service to which they are appointed and continue service until retirement.
Jobs in the Civil Services involve a great deal of power and authority, though there are frequent transfers. Promotions depend upon positions falling vacant on account of promotion, retirement, resignation, death or dismissal of the immediate senior.
However, competent officers always have a chance of being promoted to senior positions over the years. The Junior Officer Scale is generally only a two year probationary period.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
The IAS (Indian Administrative Service) was formally constituted in 1947. The IAS handles affairs of the government. At the central level, this involves the framing and implementation of policy. At the district level, it is concerned with district affairs, including development functions. At the divisional level, the IAS officers look after law and order, general administration and development work.
The Indian Police Service (IPS)
The IPS (Indian Police Service) is responsible for public safety and security. The IPS mainly takes care of law and order, which, at the district level, is a responsibility shared with the IAS ; crime prevention and detection ; and traffic control and accident prevention and management. In order to fulfil these functions with greater efficiency, this service is divided into various functional departments, including
- Crime Branch,
- Criminal Investigation Department (CID),
- Home Guards,
- Traffic Bureau.
A number of Central Policing Agencies are also headed by the IPS. These include: the Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Cabinet Secretariat Security, the Border Security Force (BSF), and the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).
Indian Forest Service (IFtS)
The Indian Forest Service was created in 1966. Its purpose is basically the efficient and integrated administration of the country's forest reserves. In command of all of India's wooded areas, its responsibilities cover the protection and conservation of their resources and wildlife, as well as the management and supply of forest produce
Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
The Indian Foreign Service deals with the country's external affairs, including diplomacy, trade and cultural relations. It is responsible for the administration and activities of Indian missions abroad, and for the framing and implementation of the Government's foreign policy.
Indian Customs and Central Excise Service
The Indian Customs and Central Excise Service (IC&CES) is basically concerned with two main aspects, mainly Customs and Excise. While Customs is concerned with the checking and levy of duty on taxable goods brought into the country, the Excise department is involved with the taxation of goods manufactured within the country.
The Indian Railway Service
It is essentially responsible for the running of India's vast railway network. There are four non-technical and technical or engineering cadres in the railways. Entry for non-technical services - the Indian Railway Traffic Services (IRTS), the Indian Railway Personnel Services (IRPS), the Indian Railway Accounts Services (IRAS), and the Railway Police Service is through the Civil Services examination. However, the engineering services have a different recruitment procedure.