In today's fast developing technology, growing industralisation and modernisation, 'engineering' holds a prominent place as few other professions do. Engineering is and will continue to remain one of the prospective professions. Unlike many other areas, Engineering requires special kind of interest and aptitude to be successful. Who is an engineer? You may ask. "One who design or makes engines or machinery: professional who managesa ship's engine: one who constructs or manages millitary works and engines, one who designs or constructs public works, such as roads railways sewers, bridges, harbours, canals, and the like: a soldier of a division of any army called Engineers, concerned with entrenching, road making, and other constructive work.
The purpose of engineering is to design and manufacture the hardware of life. Engineers have a hand in the creation of anything in use anywhere. They design, manufacture, repair, modify, and construct efficient and economical hardware of life. From simple bicycles to aeroplanes and rockets, from highways to dams, all of these are built by engineers.
An engineer's work begins at the desk or drawing board, planning, sketching and drawing technical outlines of projects. At the stage of conceptualisation, some imagination combined with technical knowledge is needed. Often engineers work in a team in order to conceive and plan a project. Once the plan is approved, they organise and supervise the implementing of the project. Field or factory or site work is part of an engineer's life in most branches of engineering. Those who are engaged in research and development, however, spend most of their working hours in conceiving new methods, processes and techniques at their desks or boards. These engineers have to use their imagination and technical knowledge to solve practical problems and provide a better standard of life to mankind.
Engineering is not so much one career as an expertise which opens doors into a vast range of jobs. Engineers probably have a wider choice of environment in which to work and a greater variety of jobs than is possible in any other profession. Many engineering graduates today enhance their career prospects by going in for a management course after their engineering studies. This gives them a tremendous advantage when entering industry to take up production, finance, or marketing careers
: The aerospace engineering deals with the design, analysis, construction, testing and operation of aircraft. The course is based on the fundamentals of fluid dynamic, material science, structural analysis, propulsion, electronics, automatic control and guidance. This course does not prepare the candidate to be a pilot or a maintenance engineer.Details>>
: Aeronautical Engineers work with one of the most technologically advanced branches of engineering. Their work involves the designing, construction, testing and operation as well as maintenance of aircraft and aircraft components. The main thrust in this area is on design and development, which extends even to space and satellite research. Details>>
: Automobile Engineers deal mainly with the design, planning, manufacture as well as the repair, maintenance and up-gradation of all moving vehicles such as cars, trucks, motorcycles, scooters, etc. They look into the upkeep of vehicles to ensure their proper, efficient and economical running.Details>>
: Petroleum refining, fertilizer technology, processing of food and agricultural products, synthetic food, petrochemicals, synthetic fibers, coal and mineral based industries and prevention and control of environmental pollution and the development and improvement of processes, design, construction, operation and management of the plants for these processes and research in these areas.Details>>
: A civil engineer is concerned with the creation of constructed facilities. The activities involve planning, analysis, design, construction amd maintenance of a variety of facilities such as buildings, highways and rail-roads, water-ways and canals, dam and power houses, water treatment and sewage disposal system, docks and harbour, briges and tunnels.Details>>
: Broad disciplines are electrical power engineering and electronics engineering. The former is concerned with the generation, distribution and use of electrical power and power control and instrumentation applications. The latter deals with the application of electronics in the processing of the formation in the field of communication and control system, electronic computers, industrial electronics and instrumentation. Details>> .
: The role of an electrical engineer comprises the design and development of more efficient electrical machinery, power systems, and control equipment for the generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy and telecommunication. With the increasing demand for electrical energy, the development in audio and video communication systems, and the automation in industry, electrical engineers have become indispensable to society today. Details>>
: Employment in industries and organisation concerned with the design, development and manufacture of equipment for economic and optimal exploitation of current energy technology, energy planning and management and technology transfer is offered to the energy engineer.Details>>
: Broad education in theoretical and experimental aspects of modern Phy. with an orientation towards some of the skills useful in technological applications. In addition to several core courses in Phy., special topics are covered by electives such as solid sate electronics, cryogenics, materials science, laser technology and applied nuclear science.Details>>
: Production and Industrial Engineers aim at higher productivity by adopting integrated design and efficient planning and operative systems. Their work involves the design and installation of integrated systems for men and materials, equipment and processes for increasing the productivity of goods, and detailing the optimum quality which is economically viable. They are responsible for planning, measuring and controlling all activities within the organisation, besides designing the production process for a product. Details>>
: Conversion of natural resources into manufacturer products. His required to take up the integrated design and efficient planning of the entire amnufacturing system which is becoming increasingly complex with the emergence of sophisticated Prod. methods and control systems.Details>>
: Marine Engineers are responsible for the safe running of all engines, boilers, refrigerating and sanitary equipment, deck machinery and steam connections of marine ships, and the maintenance, repair and construction of all marine machinery. This also includes the supervision of engine crew involved in operating the machines, and checking for smooth functioning of all steam engines, electric motors, propulsive engines, etc.Details>>
: Design, operation and maintenance of machines and their components, mechanism, machine tools, manufacturing systems and processes, components of thermal power systems including internal combustion engines and turbomachinery, solar energy, heat transfer, air conditioning, refrigeration and industrial engineering including Prod., planning and control-both the fundamental and applied aspects leading to these areas.Detalis>>
: Extracting of metals from ores, their refining or purification and their fabrication into useful shaped by casting, joining or Mech. working. He is also concerned with the study of the physical and chemical properties of metals and their structure in relation to their properties, principles of formation of alloy and methods of improving their propertiesDetails>>
: All important towns , cities, trade centres, harbours and ports of the world are connected with underground cables or radio links. Countries and continents have been brought closer by means of fast emanating, information carrying communication networks. All this has been made possible by the telecommunication engineers, who are involved with establishing communication by means of telephones, telegraphs, radar, radio, radio navigational aids, television, and tele-printers. Details>>
: Town and country planners look after the optimal utilisation of land, and plan a town or country's growth in an orderly and aesthetic manner, at both the local and regional levels. The work necessitates conducting field surveys and analyses and formulating broad goals and development plans for an area, which are presented in the form of scale models, drawings, diagrams, charts, photographs, sketches, etc. Details>>