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Armed Forces

The armed forces offer a glorious as well as exciting career option.To be an officer in any of the three services, Army, Air Force or Navy, apart from your academic excellence, you must possess leadership qualities, motivating spirit, strong determination, intelligence, control of nerves, physical stamina


The Indian Army performs the function of defending the territorial integrity of the country against all external and internal threats. Army officers fight for the nation during wartime. During peace time also the army performs many important functions. It provides aid to the civil authorities during natural calamities, and the maintenance of law and order when required.

The army is divided into several corps, that are structured according to the duties assigned to each. These are further categorised into the combat arms and the non-combatant areas. The combat arms include - the infantry, the artillery, and the armoured corps.

The infantry mainly consists of soldiers trained, armed, and equipped to fight on foot, to capture territory and hold it. Moreover, mechanised infantry units are equipped with armoured personnel carriers that can keep pace with tanks during war.

The artillery plays a vital role in bringing down heavy fire on enemy positions with guns having a range of as much as 30 kilometres.

The armoured corps consists of tank units that spearhead battle formations, move rapidly and can fire main guns to destroy enemy tanks and fortifications.

The non-combatant areas include many different branches.

The army service corps handle the supply of all materials required by the army ; the ordinance corps handle the provisioning of equipment, spares, vehicles, ammunition, clothing, etc. ; the army education corps conducts education courses for all troops and teaching staff .

Engineers carry out all technical activities, including setting up bridges, building roads, providing water, as well as laying minefields and clearing mines ; the signals corps provides communication during war and peace ; electrical mechanical engineers are responsible for the maintenance and serviceability of all vehicles and equipment, including guns, radars, helicopters, etc.

The intelligence corps provide battlefield intelligence from both domestic and external sources ; army medical corps provide medical facilities to all army personnel through various hospitals and field ambulances ; the remount veterinary corps is responsible for the breeding of horses, mules, dogs, etc. for the army as also for handling the veterinary needs of animals ; and the Judge Advocate General's Branch consists of advocates and legal experts who are responsible for handling all matters related to law, court-martials, etc.


The Indian Air Force with its forty-five squadron strength handles the air defence of the country, playing both offensive and defensive roles. The major task of the air force is that of flying combat air crafts and helicopters. Other activities include technical work such as aeronautical engineering, electronics, and computer engineering, as well as administrative, financial and planning duties.

The Air force is divided into three main branches .

The Flying branch includes fighter pilots who fly combat or fighter planes carrying ammunition and missiles; transport pilots who fly planes which carry men and materials, and helicopter pilots who provide air support to a moving army, or are used for para-dropping men and supplies. This branch also includes navigators who fly along with the pilot and guide the aircraft by using the latest avionic equipment.

The technical branch consists of all the engineering sections which are responsible for the engineering equipment and weapons systems of the air force. Aeronautical engineers in the mechanical department ensure the proper maintenance of all aircraft; while those in the electronics department handle the electronic and communication equipment in aircraft. The Ground Duties Branch includes all the departments that provide logistical, meteorological, educational and administrative support to the flying and technical branches.

This includes the Air Traffic Control Officer who provides control and advisory services to enable the pilot to conduct flights in total safety. The Fighter Controller monitors the skies for any potential threat and selects the appropriate air defence system using modern electronic equipment to intercept these threats. The logistics Officer is responsible for provisioning the aircraft with spares, fuel, armaments and so on, while the meteorological branch officers are engaged in conducting scientific research on the prevailing weather and atmospheric conditions. There are also other branches such as administration, education and accounts.


The Indian Navy is responsible for defending the extensive coastline of the country in times of war and aggression. The navy also safeguards maritime interests such as off-shore oil and gas installations, coastal shipping and fishery rights, and protects the vital trade links.

The Navy conducts its operations through four main branches.

The Executive Branch manages the navy's warships and submarines as instruments of tactical warfare. They also deal with navigation, communication, ammunition, logistics and so on. The Marine Engineering Branch is responsible for the maintenance and service of engineering equipment and the propulsion systems on board the ships. This branch also includes Naval architects who design and construct warships and submarines.

The Electrical Engineering Branch deals with the maintenance and upkeep of all electrical and electronic systems including weapon systems, missiles, radar, and radio communication systems.

The Education Branch of the Indian Navy basically helps the officers and men update their technical knowledge and raise their academic levels. Officers in this branch can specialise in meteorology and oceanography.


General eligibility conditions demand that a candidate must be - a citizen of India (subjects of Bhutan, Nepal, Tibetan refugees or migrants from the rest of the Indian subcontinent with the intention of settling permanently in India can also apply)
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Selection :

All applicants are made to undergo a rigorous selection process before they are deemed fit for admission to the Academy. This includes a Written Examination
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How to Apply:

A cndidate seeking admission to the Examination must apply to the Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, New Delhi 110011, on the application form Published in the Newspapers alongside the notification.
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Job Prospects:

Training for the defence services automatically qualifies students to become full-fledged officers of the service to which they are appointed. They are guaranteed a job, along with all the perks and allowances, many of which continue even after retirement. Jobs in the Defence Services involve a great deal of power and authority, though there are frequent transfers. Competent officers always have a chance of being promoted to senior positions over the years.

National Defence Academy & Naval Academy
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